Perspectives – Vol. 2, No. 1 – New Methodologies In Assessment And Treatment
In this article Ellen Horovitz includes a section specific to art therapy.
Art Therapy and Hypermedia/Computer Animation: Applications for the Emotionally Disturbed
The effects of art therapy techniques on all aged people with behavioral and emotional problems have long been documented (Kramer, 1975; Naumburg, 1980; Silver, 1989; Moon, 1990; Horovitz-Darby, 1994) and specifically with the deaf/hearing-impaired populations ( Henley, 1992; Horovitz, 1988; Horovitz-Darby, 1988, 1991, 1994; and Silver, 1970, 1976). Coupling CAL (Computer Assisted Learning) with art therapy, however, is a relatively undeveloped potential.
As early as 1987, Canter experimented with creativity and software in art therapy sessions. Canter concluded that people who exhibited difficulty with fine motor coordination and/or impulsive or destructive personalities found computers to be constructive and beneficial tools due to calming effects in the stimulation of creative and intellectual challenges. Moreover, the results concluded after a three month study that: (a) attention span was increased from 10 minutes to over an hour; (b) visual expression was enhanced via drawing and animation programs; (c) computerized musical expression was possible even if the client was unfamiliar with music or musical composition; (d) self-confidence, creativity, and problem solving was developed due to the experience provided by the positive Continued…