Daily Archives: December 9, 2002


What is Art Therapy?

Art therapy is the use of art materials for self-expression and reflection in the presence of a trained art therapist. Clients who are referred to an art therapist need not have previous experience or skill in art, the art therapist is not primarily concerned with making an aesthetic or diagnostic assessment of the clientís image. The overall aim of its practitioners is to enable a client to effect change and growth on a personal level through the use of art materials in a safe and facilitating environment.

The relationship between the therapist and the client is of central importance, but art therapy differs from other psychological therapies in that it is a three way process between the client, the therapist and the image or artefact. Thus it offers the opportunity for expression and communication and can be particularly helpful to people who find it hard to express their thoughts and feelings verbally.

Art therapists have a considerable understanding of art processes underpinned by a sound knowledge of therapeutic practice, and work with both individuals and groups in a variety of residential and community based settings, for example: adult mental health, learning disabilities, child and family centres, palliative care and the prison service.The diversity of these areas of work is reflected in the number of special interest groups that have developed in affiliation with the British Association of Art Therapists. More detailed information about these specialist areas can be obtained on request from the Association.

The art therapistís work is sometimes challenging and calls for skill and sensitivity; it follows that those who wish to pursue a career in art therapy should be mature, flexible people. The training course, which combines theoretical and experiential work, is a Postgraduate Diploma to be completed over two years full time or three years part time. Applicants must have a first degree in art, although other graduates are sometimes considered, and some proper experience of working in an area of health, education or social care. Details of training and a list of training institutions can be obtained from the address below – or complete the enquiry form.

Art therapy is a diverse profession and it is important to ensure that those who practice it are maintaining the standards that we as a professional body uphold. Art therapists, along with Drama and Music therapists, have been granted State Registration under the Professions Supplementary to Medicine (CPSM).

The British Association of Art Therapists (BAAT) is the professional organisation for art therapists in the United Kingdom and has its own Code of Ethics of Professional Practice. Comprising of 19 regional groups and an international section, it maintains a comprehensive directory of qualified art therapists and works to promote art therapy in the UK.

For information about qualifying training courses for Art Therapists in the UK see our Careers and training section inc. FAQs regarding training as an art therapist. For Membership options see Membership page.

For further information about BAAT and/or art therapy please write to us at the address below or complete our enquiry form.

BAAT, Mary Ward House, 5 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SN
Tel: 020 7383 3774 Fax: 020 7387 5513
Contact BAAT.Org


Perspectives – Vol. 1, No. 3 – Video Movie Therapy: An Overview On A New Art Therapy

Dr. Gaetano Giordano, Rome, Italy

The Video movie Therapy – or Videotape Therapy – is a peculiar form of Creative Therapy based on the creative, expressive, and self-referred potentialities of videotape. The V.M.T. began in Rome, in 1988, and is the first psychotherapy model in the world (*) which utilizes and structures videotape in a creative way for a psychotherapy. Using the V.M.T., a group of patients (usually between 5 to 7) and their therapist make an ironic and caricatured video (editing and computerized post production included.).

1. Theoretical Aspects

The epistemological, cultural and pragmatic roots of the V.M.T. are found in cybernetics, constructive-paradoxical literature (von Foerster, von Glaserfeld, Hofstadter, Maturana, Varela, Watzlawick), Zen philosophy, Wittgenstein philosophy, Eschers world, Farrelly’s Provocative Therapy, and J. Hillman production. Continued…


Perspectives – Vol. 2, No. 1 – New Methodologies In Assessment And Treatment

In this article Ellen Horovitz includes a section specific to art therapy.

Art Therapy and Hypermedia/Computer Animation: Applications for the Emotionally Disturbed

The effects of art therapy techniques on all aged people with behavioral and emotional problems have long been documented (Kramer, 1975; Naumburg, 1980; Silver, 1989; Moon, 1990; Horovitz-Darby, 1994) and specifically with the deaf/hearing-impaired populations ( Henley, 1992; Horovitz, 1988; Horovitz-Darby, 1988, 1991, 1994; and Silver, 1970, 1976). Coupling CAL (Computer Assisted Learning) with art therapy, however, is a relatively undeveloped potential.
As early as 1987, Canter experimented with creativity and software in art therapy sessions. Canter concluded that people who exhibited difficulty with fine motor coordination and/or impulsive or destructive personalities found computers to be constructive and beneficial tools due to calming effects in the stimulation of creative and intellectual challenges. Moreover, the results concluded after a three month study that: (a) attention span was increased from 10 minutes to over an hour; (b) visual expression was enhanced via drawing and animation programs; (c) computerized musical expression was possible even if the client was unfamiliar with music or musical composition; (d) self-confidence, creativity, and problem solving was developed due to the experience provided by the positive Continued…

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